Datablog (the Guardian)

Subscribe to Datablog (the Guardian) feed The Guardian
Updated: 4 days 58 min ago

Datablog: Barry O'Farrell's term cut short, but it was longer than the average

Wed, 04/16/2014 - 04:38

Categories:

Visualization

The 43rd premier of NSW lasted 901 days in office, longer than his immediate predecessors and the average

Barry O'Farrell's term may have been cut short, but it's not even close to the shortest NSW premiership.

A quick look at the terms of premiers in NSW shows terms were much shorter in the late 19th and early 20th century, though politicians often had multiple, non-consecutive occasions in office:

Continue reading...

Which spiritual leaders have the biggest following among foreign fighters in Syria?

Tue, 04/15/2014 - 21:30

Categories:

Visualization

An analysis of social media has shown what a selection of foreign fighters in Syria are liking, following and interacting with. What are their key online influences?

Since the start of the Syrian conflict, hundreds of men have left their homes in the west or elsewhere to join the country's civil war. Over the last 12 months, researchers at the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Courage (ICSR) have created a database of the social media activity of 114 foreign fighters with Facebook or Twitter accounts.

The researchers were able to give a country-of-origin breakdown for their sample. The UK headed up the list, with 25.4% of fighters emanating from Britain.

The analysis identifies two relatively unknown clerics who have been acting as online cheerleaders for fighters seeking to topple President Bashar al-Assad. It also identifies a new breed of 'disseminators' advising and supporting the men and women who have joined rebel groups.

Ahmad Musa Jibril and Musa Cerantonio the two other preachers on the list are both based in the west, speak English, and regularly communicate with western Muslim audiences through social media platforms. Their popularity is also reflected on Twitter, where they are followed by 60% and 23% of foreign fighters respectively.

Continue reading...

Manchester City best paid team in global salary survey: how do other teams compare?

Tue, 04/15/2014 - 18:16

Categories:

Visualization

Manchester City have topped a ranking of global sports pay, with an average first team player earning more than £5.3m per year. How do other teams compare and which is the best paying league?

Manchester City have topped a ranking of global sports pay, with an average first-team player earning more than £5.3m per year.

The global sports salaries survey 2014, published by Sporting Intelligence and compiled in association with ESPN The Magazine, has calculated that an average first team salary pay per player comes in at £5.3m, or £102,653 per week. Baseball teams the New York Yankees and Los Angeles Dodgers are ranked at second and third place respectively. Real Madrid and Barcelona make up the top five. Paul Campbell writes today:

If Brendan Rodgers can win the Premier League title with Liverpool this season, some of his fellow managers will not be happy. While José Mourinho and Manuel Pellegrini have been bickering over whose club is more like a little horse and Arsène Wenger has been complaining about the way his rivals spend their money, Rodgers has been accelerating past them with a team that is paid less money but wins more matches and scores more goals.

Average pay is important - as opposed to total wage outlay - because two teams spending the same totals on salaries will have starkly different averages if they are paying a significantly different number of players. It happens, and it matters. You can employ a higher number of lower quality players for the same price as a smaller number of higher quality players, and we think its worth exploring which is most effective for performance.

By average, we mean arithmetic mean. All the salaries are added up (and by salaries, we include money for playing sport for that team, not for endorsements or sponsorship or anything else extra-curricular) and divided by the number of players. Thats it. A simple list that provokes complicated arguments but does, at the very least, provide a ball park reckoner of what different sports teams pay.

For the NBA, the NHL and the NFL, the numbers in this report pertain to the 2013-14 seasons. For MLB and MLS, the numbers are as they stood at the start of the 2014 seasons. For the IPL, NPB, AFL, CFL and CSL they come from the end of the 2013 seasons. And for the Premier League, Bundesliga, La Liga, Serie A and SPL, the salaries reflect summer 2013, in effect the end of the 2012-13 season.

Continue reading...

Atlético Madrid will their shrewd transfer policy pay off?

Tue, 04/15/2014 - 11:28

Categories:

Visualization

As a Uefa committee meets to discuss the financial state of Europe's clubs, the team atop La Liga show that money is not always everything when it comes to assembling a winning squad

With victory away at Getafe on Sunday night and Barcelona's slip-up at Granada on Saturday, Atlético Madrid have within their reach an historic La Liga title as well as a place in the semi-finals of the Champions League.

It's the week where the top European clubs' adherence to Uefa's financial fair play rules is being checked out and a brief look at transfer figures seems to show that Atlético's shrewd use of money in the transfer market compares favourably with the rest of Europe's elite.

Continue reading...

Will your generation have a better life than your parents?

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 15:14

Categories:

Visualization

A new survey by Ipsos Mori has found that young people in the west are particularly pessimistic about their future. See how the results break down by country

To what extent, if at all, do you feel that your generation will have had a better or worse life than your parents' generation? That's the question a new Ipsos Mori survey has asked, which finds that young people in the west are particularly pessimistic about their future.

Shiv Malik writes today:

Adults in parts of the developing world are far more optimistic than their counterparts in rich nations, where the majority feel that young people will live a worse life than current generations, according to a major new survey.

An international sample of 16,039 adults aged 18-64 in the US and Canada, and age 16-64 in all other countries, were interviewed. Approximately 1000+ individuals participated on a country by country basis via the Ipsos Online Panel with the exception of Argentina, Belgium, Poland, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden and Turkey, where each have a sample approximately 500+.

Continue reading...

Global Drug Survey findings: more people buying drugs online in the UK

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 06:00

Categories:

Visualization

The latest results reveal that more people are buying drugs online and that almost a third of UK survey respondents aged between 18 and 24 admit to having taken mystery white powders. Read the key findings

The 2014 Global Drug Survey results are in and with a total of 78,820 respondents taking part worldwide, the latest data provides a comprehensive view of global drug use, experiences, attitudes and opinions.

From the number of people buying drugs online to which drugs people thought were the best value for money, the Global Drug Survey conducted in partnership with global media partners including the Guardian, covers a wide range of areas.

Continue reading...

The future of Scotland's currency continues to divide opinion, polls show

Fri, 04/11/2014 - 14:37

Categories:

Visualization

YouGov poll finds 53% of Britons outside Scotland oppose the country keeping the pound and believe it has no viable alternative to sterling should it vote for independence

As currency continues to dominate the independence debate, polls are increasingly showing a divide between Scottish opinion on monetary union and that of the rest of the UK.

A new survey released yesterday shows that Britons outside Scotland believe the country has no back-up plan if it is not allowed to keep the pound. This is in spite of what seems to be overwhelming public opinion in Scotland itself that the currency should be kept if the country goes independent.

Continue reading...

The three most resilient cities? They're all in Canada

Fri, 04/11/2014 - 11:51

Categories:

Visualization
Toronto, Vancouver and Calgary top a new report measuring the least vulnerable and most adaptive cities on the planet while the high-growth cities of the Bric nations teeter precariously on the edge of danger

The world's 10 riskiest cities

For perhaps the first time, someone has tried to qualify the resilience of cities. Grosvenor, the London-based property company led by the Duke of Westminster, analysed more than 100 independently verified data sets in order to determine two key elements of what makes a city resilient: its "vulnerability" on the one hand, and its "adaptive capacity" on the other.

Vulnerability was measured by looking at climate threats, environmental degradation (including pollution and overconsumption due to sprawl), resources (particularly access to energy), infrastructure and community cohesion. Weakness in any of those areas reduced a city's score.

Continue reading...

Which UK borough has the most deaths from air pollution? - interactive map

Thu, 04/10/2014 - 13:51

Categories:

Visualization
A new study from Public Health England looks at deaths from particulate air pollution by each UK borough. The default view of the map shows the percentage of deaths in 2010 calculated to be caused by fine particulate matter (ambient PM2.5) concentration in each local authority, according to central estimates. You can also switch to see that particulate matter concentration on its own.

Be warned though because of uncertainty of the effect of particulate air pollution, the mortality risk could range from approximately one-sixth to double these figures but this map shows what the official estimates are at the moment Continue reading...

UK seventh worst in EU for cabinet minister gender balance

Wed, 04/09/2014 - 13:20

Categories:

Visualization

Now Maria Miller has left the cabinet and been replaced by a man, just four of the UK's 32 ministers are women. At the last count in January, the UK was already 20th out of the 28 EU countries for female representation in cabinet

When the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) did its latest report on the proportion of women that are cabinet ministers in January, the UK ranked a lowly 20th out of the 28 EU countries (and 54th in the world).

Five of the 32 cabinet ministers were women - or 15.6%. That compared to 56.5% for the top country Sweden and 25.6% for the EU average.

With Maria Miller leaving her post as culture secretary and being replaced by a man - Sajid Javid, just 12.5% of the cabinet is now female.

Sayeeda Warsi attends cabinet and Nicky Morgan, who will now take responsibility for women's affairs, will have the right to attend.

Although there have been cabinet changes in other European countries since January, if the proportions had stayed the same then the UK would now be 22nd out of the 28 countries.

Continue reading...

Maria Miller makes it six cabinet minister resignations under Cameron

Wed, 04/09/2014 - 11:25

Categories:

Visualization

Maria Miller's resignation makes her the sixth cabinet minister in the Coalition government to step down from her duties. How does the stability of David Cameron's government compare to Gordon Brown's?

After weeks of enormous political pressure, culture secretary Maria Miller has finally decided to step down from her post, claiming in a letter written to the prime minister that the controversy over her expenses had "become a distraction from the vital work this government is doing".

That makes her the sixth cabinet minister to have resigned from David Cameron's cabinet since he came to power in 2010. If you include less senior ministers and under secretaries then she becomes the 17th.

Continue reading...

Australians fighting in Syria: how many have joined the conflict?

Wed, 04/09/2014 - 06:44

Categories:

Visualization

Does George Brandis' claim that, per capita, Australia is one of the largest sources of foreign fighters in Syria stack up?

While the prime minister, Tony Abbott, toured Asia on Tuesday spruiking Australian wheat, wine and cheese, the attorney general, George Brandis, was in Washington DC reporting a grimmer national export.

I am sorry to have to tell you that per capita, Australia is one of the largest sources of foreign war fighters to the Syrian conflict from countries outside the region, he told the Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

Continue reading...

Game of Thrones: which world figures would fit into Westeros?

Tue, 04/08/2014 - 10:44

Categories:

Visualization

With Julia Gillard comparing herself to Daenarys Targaryen, let us know which other world figures would fit well into Westeros

Warning: this contains spoilers for seasons 1-3 of Game of Thrones

In her review of the first episode of the new series of Game of Thrones, former Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard spoke of her affinity with the character Daenerys Targaryen.

It is understood that Hague is approaching rebels with a twinkle in his eye and saying he needs to speak to them about Lords reform. He pauses and then adds: "There we are. I have spoken to you about Lords reform."

Continue reading...

Nigeria becomes Africa's largest economy get the data

Mon, 04/07/2014 - 13:22

Categories:

Visualization
Nigeria's recalculation of gross domestic product data to include Nollywood nudges country well ahead of South Africa

Nigeria has overtaken South Africa as the continent's largest economy after it overhauled its gross domestic product data for the first time in more than two decades.

Official figures for 2013, released by Nigeria's statistics bureau, put the country's GDP at $503bn (£307bn) nearly double previous estimates and well ahead of South Africa at around $350bn.

Note: figures in millions of naira

Continue reading...

Game of Thrones: how does the TV series compare to the books?

Sun, 04/06/2014 - 16:00

Categories:

Visualization

The Game of Thrones TV series so far covers approximately 1,980 pages of George R.R Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire series. How does it compare to other famous page-to-screen adaptations?

*This piece contains mild spoilers for the third season of Game of Thrones*

Monday night sees the return of HBOs Game of Thrones to our living rooms and, although the saga is already running in excess of 26.5 hours long, its actually far more economical with its source material than many other famous page-to-screen adaptations.

Continue reading...

Grand National: how bookies get it wrong - and you can get it right

Fri, 04/04/2014 - 17:38

Categories:

Visualization
The Grand National annually attracts a large number of bets, but when bookies' favourites rarely win, how do you decide where to place your bet?

The Grand National at Aintree annually attracts a huge number of bets with millions of pounds at stake. But, when bookies' favourites rarely win, how do you decide where to place your bet?

Unlike Cheltenham's Gold Cup, the Grand National is a handicap steeplechase. Each horse is given a different weight to carry depending on their recent run of form in an attempt to even up the field. The horse with the best form going into the race is given the greatest weight to carry, and so on.

Continue reading...

Reginald, Cyril and Blodwen: the decline of historic names

Fri, 04/04/2014 - 14:27

Categories:

Visualization

Many of the top 100 names for boys and girls in 1905 have not fared so well in the modern world with declines in the number of babies named Gwendoline, Edna and even Percy. What has happened to the rest of the early 20th century's top names?

Get the data: the full spreadsheet

Names go in and out of vogue as time goes on. A quick glance at the list of names from 1905 will tells you that quite clearly.

How often do you see a little Cecil, Edna or Fanny running around nowadays? Not much? Well in 1905, all three of these were among the top 100 names for girls or boys in the country.

The top 100 names of babies in England and Wales in 1905 was compiled by ancestry.co.uk and compared to every child's name in 2012.

Continue reading...

Arrests, stop and search and detentions: what do the latest police statistics show?

Fri, 04/04/2014 - 12:39

Categories:

Visualization

The latest police powers and procedures statistics for England and Wales have been published by the Home Office. What do they tell us about arrests, stop and search and detentions?

Police arrests for recorded crimes in 2012/13 dropped by 12% on 2011/12, according to the latest statistics for England and Wales from the Home Office. The figures also show the number of stops and searches in anticipation of violence decreased by 89% over the same period.

The figures published on Thursday show that the number of recorded crimes decreased by 7% on 2011/12. The latest statistics provide details on a number of police powers and procedures such as arrests, detentions, stops and searches, intimate searches and breath tests.

A like-for-like comparison of those police forces who provided data for both that and the previous year shows a 9% decrease.

Continue reading...

Australian drinking in decline but we're still mixing it up

Fri, 04/04/2014 - 07:54

Categories:

Visualization

Alcohol consumption is going down, and beer is declining in popularity but wine and cider are on the up

Beer is down, wine and cider are up and Australians are drinking less overall.

Newly released statistics from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) show a steady decline in apparent alcohol consumption since 2006-07, with national consumption per capita at 9.9 litres.

Continue reading...